Archive - March 2017

Sixty Uses of Vinegar

Apple-Cider-Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is a kitchen staple that has several impressive health benefits. Interestingly, it also has a ton of different beauty, household and cooking uses. Apple cider vinegar uses include cleaning, washing hair, preserving food and improving skin function. It can also be used in all sorts of recipes, including salad dressings, soups, sauces, hot drinks and more.

Here are 60 ways to use apple cider vinegar.
1. Arthritis tonic and treatment; 2 spoonfuls of apple cider vinegar and honey in a glass of water several times daily.
2. Thirst-quenching drink: apple cider vinegar mixed with cold water.
3. Sagging cane chairs: sponge them with a hot solution of half vinegar and half water. Place the chairs out in the hot sun to dry.
4. Skin burns: apply ice cold vinegar right away for fast relief. Will prevent burn blisters.
5. Add a spoonful of vinegar to cooking water to make cauliflower white and clean.
6. Storing cheese: keep it fresh longer by wrapping it in a vinegar-soaked cloth and keeping it in a sealed container.
7. Remove stains from stainless steel and chrome with a vinegar-dampened cloth.
8. Rinse glasses and dishes in water and vinegar to remove spots and film.
9. Prevent grease build-up in your oven by frequently wiping it with vinegar.
10. Wipe jars of preserves and canned food with vinegar to prevent mold producing bacteria.
11. To eliminate mildew, dust and odors, wipe down walls with vinegar-soaked cloth.
12. Clean windows with vinegar and water.
13. Hardened paint brushes: simmer in boiling vinegar and wash in hot soapy water.
14. Clean breadbox and food containers with vinegar-dampened cloth to keep fresh-smelling and clean.
15. Pour boiling vinegar down drains to unclog and clean them.
16. Clean fireplace bricks with undiluted vinegar.
17. An excellent all-purpose cleaner: vinegar mixed with salt. Cleans copper, bronze, brass, dishes, pots, pans, skillets, glasses, windows. Rinse well.
18. Make your catsup and other condiments last long by adding vinegar.
19. To clear up respiratory congestion, inhale a vapor mist from steaming pot containing water and several spoonfuls of vinegar.
20. Apple cider vinegar and honey as a cure-all: use to prevent apathy, obesity, hay fever, asthma, rashes, food poisoning, heartburn, sore throat, bad eyesight, dandruff, brittle nails and bad breath.
21. When boiling eggs, add some vinegar to the water to prevent white from leaking out of a cracked egg.
22. When poaching eggs, add a teaspoon of vinegar to the water to prevent separation.
23. Weight loss: vinegar helps prevent fat from accumulating in the body.
24. Canned fish and shrimp: to give it a freshly caught taste, soak in a mixture of sherry and 2 tablespoons of vinegar.
25. Add a spoonful of vinegar when cooking fruit to improve the flavor.
26. Soak fish in vinegar and water before cooking for a tender, sweeter taste.
27. Add vinegar to boiling ham to improve flavor and cut salty taste.
28. Improve the flavor of desserts by adding a touch of vinegar.
29. Add vinegar to your deep fryer to eliminate a greasy taste.
30. Add a tablespoon of vinegar to fruit gelatin to hold it firm.
31. Steep your favorite herb in vinegar until you have a pleasing taste and aroma.
32. Use vinegar instead of lemon on fried and broiled foods.
33. To remove lime coating on your tea kettle; add vinegar to the water and let stand overnight.
34. To make a good liniment: beat 1 whole egg, add 1 cup vinegar and 1 cup turpentine. Blend.
35. Apply vinegar to chapped, cracked skin for quick healing.
36. Vinegar promotes skin health: rub on tired, sore or swollen areas.
37. Reduce mineral deposits in pipes, radiators, kettles and tanks by adding vinegar into the system.
38. Rub vinegar on the cut end of uncooked ham to prevent mold.
39. Clean jars with vinegar and water to remove odor.
40. Avoid cabbage odor by adding vinegar to the cooking water.
41. Skunk odor: remove from pets by rubbing fur with vinegar.
42. Paint adheres better to galvanized metal that has been wiped with vinegar.
43. Pets’ drinking water: add vinegar to eliminate odor and encourage shiny fur.
44. For fluffy meringue: beat 3 egg whites with a teaspoon of vinegar.
45. Pie crust: add 1 tablespoon vinegar to your pastry recipe for an exceptional crust.
46. Half a teaspoon per quart of patching plaster allows you more time to work the plaster before it hardens.
47. Prevent discoloration of peeled potatoes by adding a few drops of vinegar to water. They will keep fresh for days in fridge.
48. Poultry water: add vinegar to increase egg production and to produce tender meat.
49. Preserve peppers: put freshly picked peppers in a sterilized jar and finish filling with boiling vinegar.
50. Olives and pimentos will keep indefinitely if covered with vinegar and refrigerated.
51. Add 1 tsp. vinegar to cooking water for fluffier rice.
52. Add vinegar to laundry rinse water: removes all soap and prevents yellowing.
53. After shampoo hair rinse: 1 ounce apple cider vinegar in 1 quart of distilled water.
54. For a shiny crust on homemade bread and rolls: just before they have finished
baking, take them out, brush crusts with vinegar, return to oven to finish baking.
55. Homemade sour cream: blend together 1 cup cottage cheese, 1/4 cup skim milk and 1 tsp. vinegar.
56. Boil vinegar and water in pots to remove stains.
57. Remove berry stains from hands with vinegar. Sixty

58. Prevent sugaring by mixing a drop of vinegar in the cake icing.
59. Cold vinegar relieves sunburn.
60. When boiling meat, add a spoonful of vinegar to the water to make it more tender.

Purifying Water in an Emergency part 4

purifying-water-
Harry Weyandt

Harry Weyandt

By Harry R Weyandt, Nitro-Pak.Com Preparedness Expert

Most of us take for granted every day that when we turn on our faucet we will get safe drinking water.  In an emergency or disaster situation, where regular water service has be tainted or interrupted (such as in the event of a flood, hurricane or earthquake) local authorities may recommend using only bottled water, require boiling or disinfecting the water until regular delivery is restored.

The instruction below will walk you thru step-by-step on how to make your water safe for drink by boiling, disinfecting and filtering. However, boiling and disinfecting the water will NOT destroy Easy-As-123or remove other contaminates such as chemicals, fuels or bad taste.

See previous PART #1 beginning information,

PART #2 Boiling Water and

PART #3 Chlorine Bleach & Chlorine Dioxide.

3. WATER FILTERS

Many camping portable water filters can remove disease-causing parasites such as Cryptosporidium and Giardia from drinking water, though most will not remove viruses. When choosing a portable water filter, select one that will filter down to an absolute 1 micron or LESS to remove all parasites, bacteria, protozoa, cysts, algae, spores and sediments.

Filters such as the industry leading Katadyn Vario*, Katadyn Pocket Filter*, Katadyn Combi*, group Katadyn Expedition* and Katadyn Hiker filters in addition to the LifeStraw Filters exceed this Katadyn-Vario-Filterand will filter down to .3 microns or less. The Aquamira Green Line water filters sub-micron particles also. These filters may also improve water taste and appearance with secondary carbon filtering. (*These filters use long lasting ceramic elements or a combination of ceramic and carbon filtration).

These filters are not effective in filtering out hazardous chemicals or ocean water. After filtering, add a disinfectant such as chlorine dioxide to the filtered water to kill any possible viruses or remaining bacteria.

In protected watersheds where pollution from humans and animals is minimal and for which the main concerns are bacteria, giardia and cysts, portable water filters alone can provide adequate protection.

4. WATER DISTILLATION

Survival-StillSeveral water distillers are available in the market place. Distillation produces clean, pure and mineral free water from almost any water source with heat and steam. Most distillers like the popular Pure Water® distiller are excellent for producing safe drinking water so long as electrical power is available.  One distiller that does not require electricity is the Survival Still which operates atop most camping and kitchen stoves using large kitchen pots.

In distillers, raw water is boiled into steam, then cooled and condensed to produce pure drinking water. One advantage, especially for people living along the ocean coast, is that distilling units can allow you to purify not only regular water but also ocean salt water for safe drinking.

5. ULTRA VIOLET LIGHT

Portable Ultra Violet light lamps like the ones used in the SteriPEN units are effective in killing 99.9% of bacteria, viruses, giardia and cryptosporidium but only if the water is clean and the correct time exposure has been completed. To insure effectiveness, water must we swished around in the container during treatment to insure UV contact with the water by the lamp. Two possible things to consider if using these units are: 1) They require batteries to operate, and 2) They can only be used to disinfect up to 1 quart of water at a time. If using this method, be sure to store additional batteries or have a way to recharge your batteries.

See PART #1 to start your water purification learning.

© 2017 Nitro-Pak Preparedness Center Inc. Click Here to see our full list of preparedness articles and blog posts.

Harry R Weyandt is the founder and owner of Nitro-Pak Preparedness Center Inc., one of America’s oldest and most respected preparedness companies. He has been a leading authority in the preparedness industry for over 30 years and has been interviewed by CNN, ABC News, FOX News, The New York Times, USA Today and The Wall Street Journal among others as an expert in his field. He lives in Utah with this wife Vickie along with their children and grandchildren. His hobbies are boating, camping, international travel and anything to do with preparedness.

Purifying Water in an Emergency part 3

Purifying Water Part 3
Harry Weyandt

Harry Weyandt

By Harry R Weyandt, Nitro-Pak.Com Preparedness Expert

Most of us take for granted every day that when we turn on our faucet we will get safe drinking water.  In an emergency or disaster situation, where regular water service has be tainted or interrupted (such as in the event of a flood, hurricane or earthquake) local authorities may recommend using only bottled water, require boiling or disinfecting the water until regular delivery is restored.

The instruction below will walk you thru step-by-step on how to make your water safe for drink by boiling, disinfecting and filtering. However, boiling and disinfecting the waterEasy-As-123 will NOT destroy or remove other contaminants such as chemicals, fuels or bad taste.

See previous PART #1 beginning information, PART #2 Boiling Water and PART #4 Filters, Distillers and Ultra-Violet Light.

2. DISINFECTANTS: Chlorine Bleach & Chlorine Dioxide

If boiling is not possible, you can make small quantities of filtered and settled water safer to drink by using a chemical disinfectant such as unscented household chlorine bleach or chlorine dioxide.  Bleach is the most common method used by municipal water treatment worldwide.

Disinfectants can kill most harmful or disease-causing viruses and bacteria, but are not effective in controlling more resistant organisms, such as the parasites Cryptosporidium and Giardia. Chlorine dioxide, discussed below, is effective against Cryptosporidium and Giardia. Where possible, a combination of filtration & chemical disinfection is the most effective way to purify your water when boiling is not an option.

To disinfect water for drinking, use fresh, UNSCENTED, old fashion household liquid CHLORINE BLEACH, use the following formula: (do not use any bleach with other additives, such as color safe, flagrant, cleaners or other ingredients. Do not use granular pool chlorine)

If the water is cloudy or is very cold, (but not suspected of chemical contamination)regular chlorex 1

  1. Filter the water using a piece of cloth or coffee filter to remove solid particles, floating particles and silt.
  2. Allow water to sit still until any remaining particles have settled.
  3. Draw off the clear water at the top.
  4. Follow the formula shown in the table below and DOUBLE IT for cloudy water.
  5. Stir the mixture well and let let it stand for at least 30 minutes before you use it.
  6. Water should have a slight chlorine smell, if not, repeat dosage and wait 15 minutes. If it does not still have a smell of bleach after two treatments, the water is too dirty to use, discard and try a new batch.
  7. Store the disinfected water in clean, sanitized containers with tight lids or caps. 

If the water is clear,

  1. Follow the formula shown in the table below.
  2. Stir the mixture well and let it stand for at least 30 minutes before you use it.
  3. Water should have a slight chlorine smell, if not, repeat dosage and wait 15 minutes. If it does not still have a smell of bleach after two treatments, the water is too dirty to use, discard and try a new batch.
  4. Store the disinfected water in clean, sanitized containers with tight lids or caps.
Making water safe to drink using STANDARD Household Bleach that has

5.25-6% concentration of sodium hypochlorite
* If the water is cloudy, murky, colored, or very cold, add DOUBLE the amount of bleach listed below.

Stir and mix it. Let stand for 30 minutes. After treating you should be able to smell a slight odor of chlorine.

If not, retreat the water a second time and let stand for 15 minutes before using.

1 quart/liter water                1 gallon water      5 gallons water
If you have a dropper:
Add 2 drops of bleach*
    If you have a dropper:
Add 8 drops of bleach*
    If you have a dropper:
Add ½ tsp of bleach*
Red Cross Suggests:
4 drops
      Red Cross Suggests:
16 drops
    Red Cross Suggests:
1 teaspoon of bleach

 

Making water safe to drink using CONSENTRATED Household bleach with a

8.25% concentration of sodium hypochlorite
* If the water is cloudy, murky, colored, or very cold, add DOUBLE the amount of bleach listed below.

Stir and mix it. Let stand for 30 minutes. After treating you should be able to smell a slight odor of chlorine.

If not, retreat the water a second time and let stand for 15 minutes before using.

1 Quart/Liter Water     1 Gallon Water   5 Gallons Water
If you have a dropper:
Add 2 drops of bleach
    If you have a dropper:
Add 6 drops of bleach
  If you have a dropper:
Add 30 drops of bleach
Using a teaspoon:
Too small to measure
    Using a teaspoon:
Too small to measure
  Using a teaspoon:
Add ⅓ teaspoon of bleach

(Reference: https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/emergency/drinking/making-water-safe.html)

BLEACH CAVEAT:  Be careful, as with all chemicals, when using bleach and wear protective gloves and eye protection for safety. Rinse off any bleach that gets on your skin immediately. Where possible, use fresh bleach since bleach begins to lose its effectiveness slowly after one year.

OTHER BLEACH USAGES:  Chlorine bleach can also be used as a disinfectant for sanitizing water bottles, containers, pots, pans and utensils. Bleach solution intended for this usage, mix 1 teaspoon with 1 quart of water, shake well and allow it to sit for 30 minutes. Be sure to coat the container lids, caps and threads with solution. Afterwards, rinse off with clean water before using.

micropur tabletsCHLORINE DIOXIDE TABLETS OR LIQUID:

Chlorine dioxide tablets and two part liquid A/B drops are the latest water purification method that has been adopted by the U.S. military and the Boy Scouts of America. These tablets work quickly and efficiently by releasing oxygen in a highly active form to kill bacteria, viruses, e. coli, protozoa, Giardia and Cryptosporidium cysts in 15-30 minutes without unpleasant taste or odor (4 hours for cryptosporidium in very cold or dirty water for maximum effectiveness).

Chlorine dioxide has been used by municipal water treatment plants world-wide to kill a variety of waterborne pathogens for over sixty-years. Unlike iodine, chlorine dioxide does not discolor the water, nor does it give water an unpleasant taste. They also meet the strict EPA Water Purifier Standards (without needing to use a water filter). Both chlorine dioxide liquid and tablets contain no active chlorine or iodine. Here are the current choices:

  1. LIQUID FORM:  Aqua Mira™ Water Teatment Kit is a two-part A/B system that works by releasing oxygen in a highly active form.
  • TABLET FORM: Chlorine dioxide tablets are sold under several brand names including Micropur® MP1 Water Purifier Tables, Aquamira® Water Purifier Tablets and Potable Aqua® Chlorine Dioxide Purification Tablets. These tablet are lightweight and easy to carry in bug-out bags or when backpacking.

(NOTE: We no longer recommend using iodine based or old style chlorine tablets (halazone) since they are not effective against Cryptosporidium and leave an aftertaste and coloring.

Continue to PART #4 to learn about purifying water by using Water Filters, Distillers and UV Light.

© 2017 Nitro-Pak Preparedness Center Inc. Click Here to see our full list of preparedness articles and blog posts.

Harry R Weyandt is the founder and owner of Nitro-Pak Preparedness Center Inc., one of America’s oldest and most respected preparedness companies. He has been a leading authority in the preparedness industry for over 30 years and has been interviewed by CNN, ABC News, FOX News, The New York Times, USA Today and The Wall Street Journal among others as an expert in his field. He lives in Utah with this wife Vickie along with their children and grandchildren. His hobbies are boating, camping, international travel and anything to do with preparedness.

Purifying Water in an Emergency Part 2

purifying-water-3-1-1
Harry Weyandt

Harry Weyandt

By Harry R Weyandt, Nitro-Pak.Com Preparedness Expert

Most of us take for granted every day that when we turn on our faucet we will get safe drinking water.  In an emergency or disaster situation, where regular water service has be tainted or interrupted (such as in the event of a flood, hurricane or earthquake) local authorities may recommend using only bottled water, require boiling or disinfecting the water until regular delivery is restored.

The instruction below will walk you thru step-by-step on how to make your water safe for drink by boiling, disinfecting and filtering. However, boiling and disinfecting the water Easy-As-123will NOT destroy or remove other contaminates such as chemicals, fuels or bad taste.

The best solution, according the American Red Cross, for insuring safe drinking water from outside sources is a 2-step process using methods described below. Which ones you choose will be by personal taste or preference and fuel availability.

See previous PART #1 to start your learning.

When in doubt, treat your water using one or more of the following methods:

1. BOILING THE WATER

Steam-waterIf you don’t have bottled or previously stored treated water, you should boil your water to make it safe to drink. Boiling is the SUREST method to kill disease-causing organisms, including viruses, bacteria, and parasites. To be able to use this method, you will need a large metal pot or kettle, a heat  source such as a kitchen stove, propane BBQ, charcoal grille, portable camp stove like a Jetboil, Camp Chef or Coleman stove (with back-up fuel sources). If you have electricity, electric kettles can also be used for boiling.

If the water is cloudy, (Water that is cloudy in appearance from a stream, pond or lake usually indicates natural organic and inorganic material is in the water. Water that is dark in color, has a questionable odor or is suspected of chemical contamination should not be used)

  1. Filter water through a clean cloth, paper towel, or coffee filter to remove sediment and suspended matter in the water.
  2. Next, allow any remaining silt to settle to the bottom of your container and then draw off the clear water on top.
  3. Fill pot about 2/3 full to allow space for boiling and splashing.
  4. Bring the clear water to a rolling boil on high heat for one minute (at elevations above 6,000 feet, boil for three minutes).
  5. Let the boiled water cool for about 30 minutes and kept covered.
  6. Store the water in clean sanitized containers with tight caps or lids.

If the water is clear,

  1. Follow the same steps in 3-6 above.

You can improve the flat taste of boiled water or any stored water by pouring it from one container to another several times or by adding a pinch of salt for each gallon.

See PART #3 to learn about purifying water by using chlorine bleach & chlorine dioxide.

© 2017 Nitro-Pak Preparedness Center Inc. Click Here to see our full list of preparedness articles and blog posts.

 

Harry R Weyandt is the founder and owner of Nitro-Pak Preparedness Center Inc., one of America’s oldest and most respected preparedness companies. He has been a leading authority in the preparedness industry for over 30 years and has been interviewed by CNN, ABC News, FOX News, The New York Times, USA Today and The Wall Street Journal among others as an expert in his field. He lives in Utah with this wife Vickie along with their children and grandchildren. His hobbies are boating, camping, international travel and anything to do with preparedness.

Purifying Water in an Emergency Part 1

purifying-water-3-1-1
Harry Weyandt

Harry Weyandt

By Harry R Weyandt, Nitro-Pak.Com Preparedness Expert

Most of us take for granted every day that when we turn on our faucet we will get safe drinking water.  In an emergency or disaster situation, where regular water service has be tainted or interrupted (such as in the event of a flood, hurricane or earthquake) local authorities may recommend using only bottled water, require boiling or disinfecting the water until regular delivery is restored.

The instruction below will walk you thru step-by-step on how to make your water safe for drink by boiling, disinfecting and filtering. However, boiling and disinfecting the waterEasy-As-123 will NOT destroy or remove other contaminates such as chemicals, fuels or bad taste. For those living along coasts, you could be able to use ocean salt water for drinking if you have a water distiller (see #4 below).

In emergency circumstances, FIRST used any bottled water or your emergency water storage you have. After this, ONLY USE TREATED WATER for drinking, cooking, meal or drink preparation, washing dishes or brushing your teeth. Do not take a chance on untreated sources. When in doubt, treat it, filter it or boil it or by using a combination of them.

We do NOT recommend using stagnant water from any source, flood control canals or flood waters since these typically have increased levels of bacteria, germs, sewage, parasites and other possible contaminates that can cause dysentery (severe diarrhea), typhoid and hepatitis. Never use water with debris material floating in it, has an odor or is dark in color. These are indications that the water is significantly contaminated and maybe too dangerous to safely filter or treat.

Red-Cross-truckThe American Red Cross and Centers for Disease Control (CDC) do not recommend using water from swimming pools, spas, waterbeds, fountains or toilet bowls for drinking.

The best sources for emergency drinking water after your bottled stored water, is from clear flowing springs and streams. Lakes, ponds and larger rivers are your next best sources. Water may also be available hidden in your home from hot water heaters, home water pipes and upper toilet tanks that do not have bluing agent in them.

The best solution, according the American Red Cross, for insuring safe drinking water from outside sources is a 2-step process using methods described below. Which ones you choose will be by personal taste or preference and fuel availability.

When in doubt, treat your water using one or more of the following methods:

See PART #2 to learn about purifying your water by boiling.

© 2017 Nitro-Pak Preparedness Center Inc. Click Here to see our full list of preparedness articles and blog posts.

Harry R Weyandt is the founder and owner of Nitro-Pak Preparedness Center Inc., one of America’s oldest and most respected preparedness companies. He has been a leading authority in the preparedness industry for over 30 years and has been interviewed by CNN, ABC News, FOX News, The New York Times, USA Today and The Wall Street Journal among others as an expert in his field. He lives in Utah with this wife Vickie along with their children and grandchildren. His hobbies are boating, camping, international travel and anything to do with preparedness